(Re)invoking humanism in modernity: architecture and spectacle in Fascist Italy

Temple, Nicholas and Tracada, Eleni (2019) (Re)invoking humanism in modernity: architecture and spectacle in Fascist Italy. In: The Routledge handbook on the reception of classical architecture. Routledge handbook series . Routledge, London, pp. 373-393. ISBN 9781138047112

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Abstract / Description

This substantial co-authored chapter examines the influence of early 20th century debates on Humanism on developments in architecture and spectacle in Fascist Italy. During a time when eminent philosophers and historians of Renaissance culture were engaged in disputes about the meaning and philosophical value of Renaissance Humanism, parallel architectural developments were taking place (specially in Italy) on the inter-relationships between modernism and classicism. These alliances were subject to much disagreement among architectural pundits (both practitioners and academics) that also drew heavily on the legacy of humanism; perceived by some as a distinctly Italian intellectual and creative movement. The chapter focuses on a number of key disputes in both Germany and Italy during the interwar period (specifically between Benedetto Croce and Giovanni Gentile and Martin Heidegger and Ernesto Grassi) that provided the basis of a fertile intellectual milieu for articulating arguments about the role of humanism in architectural creativity. Among the many architects discussed, Giuseppe Terragni, Gustavo Giovannoni and Giovanni Michelucci are the main sources, each presenting very different notions of 'Romanitas' during the period of Fascism.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Renaissance Humanism, Fascism, Italian Rationalism, Romanitas, Spectacle, Martin Heidegger, Bennedetto Croce, Giovanni Gentile, Ernesto Grassi, Phenomenology, Actualism, Dante.
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology
100 Philosophy & psychology > 190 Modern western philosophy
300 Social sciences
300 Social sciences > 370 Education
300 Social sciences > 390 Customs, etiquette & folklore
400 Language
400 Language > 450 Italian, Romanian & related languages
400 Language > 470 Italic languages; Latin
700 The arts; fine & decorative arts > 710 Civic & landscape art
700 The arts; fine & decorative arts > 720 Architecture
700 The arts; fine & decorative arts > 730 Plastic arts; sculpture
700 The arts; fine & decorative arts > 790 Recreational & performing arts
800 Literature & rhetoric > 850 Italian, Romanian & related literatures
800 Literature & rhetoric > 870 Italic literatures; Latin literature
900 History & geography > 940 History of Europe
Department: The School of Art, Architecture and Design
Depositing User: Nicholas Temple
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2020 16:06
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2020 19:50
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/5903

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