Positive and negative structures and processes underlying academic performance: a chained mediation model

Rogaten, Jekaterina and Moneta, Giovanni B. (2016) Positive and negative structures and processes underlying academic performance: a chained mediation model. Journal of Happiness Studies. ISSN 1389-4978

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[A65] Journal of Happiness Studies 2016 (AAM).doc - Accepted Version

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10902-016-9765-6

Abstract / Description

This study proposed and tested a comprehensive, chained mediation model of university students' academic performance. The hypothesized model included adaptive-positive and maladaptive-negative submodels. The structures and processes in the adaptive-positive submodel were hypothesized to facilitate students’ academic performance, whereas the structures and processes in the maladaptive-negative submodel were hypothesized to undermine it. A sample of 373 university students completed a set of questionnaires measuring their approaches to studying, positive and negative affect, evaluation anxiety, use of creative cognition, motivational orientations, and adaptive and maladaptive metacognitions. Participants’ end-of-semester and prior semester academic performance was retrieved from the university registry. A structural equation model explained 90% of the variance in students’ future academic performance, supported all but one hypothesized intermediate paths, and revealed that only positive affect in studying and prior academic performance predict directly future academic performance. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are outlined.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: academic performance, approaches to studying, evaluation anxiety, metacognition, motivation, negative affect, positive affect, university students, use of creative cognition
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences > 370 Education
Department: School of Social Sciences (to June 2021)
School of Social Sciences and Professions
Depositing User: Giovanni Moneta
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2016 09:02
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2020 11:49
URI: https://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/1062


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