Mojibake - the rehearsal of word fragments in verbal recall

Lange-Küttner, Christiane and Sykorova, Eva (2015) Mojibake - the rehearsal of word fragments in verbal recall. Frontiers in Psychology, 06. ISSN 1664-1078

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00350

Abstract

Theories of verbal rehearsal usually assume that whole words are being rehearsed. However, words consist of letter sequences, or syllables, or word onset-vowel-coda, amongst many other conceptualizations of word structure. A more general term is the ‘grain size’ of word units (Ziegler & Goswami, 2005). In the current study, a new method measured the quantitative percentage of correctly remembered word structure. The amount of letters in the correct letter sequence as per cent of word length was calculated, disregarding missing or added letters. A forced rehearsal was tested by repeating each memory list four times. We tested low frequency (LF) English words versus geographical UK town names to control for content. We also tested unfamiliar international (INT) non-words and names of international (INT) European towns to control for familiarity. An immediate versus distributed repetition was tested with a between-subject design. Participants responded with word fragments in their written recall especially when they had to remember unfamiliar words. While memory of whole words was sensitive to content, presentation distribution and individual sex and language differences, recall of word fragments was not. There was no trade-off between memory of word fragments with whole word recall during the repetition, instead also word fragments significantly increased. Moreover, while whole word responses correlated with each other during repetition, and word fragment responses correlated with each other during repetition, these two types of word recall responses were not correlated with each other. Thus there may be a lower layer consisting of free, sparse word fragments and an upper layer that consists of language-specific, orthographically and semantically constrained words.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: word fragments, word rehearsal, working memory, visual cache, inner scribe, word form, orthographic pattern
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology
400 Language > 410 Linguistics
Department: School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Chris Lange-Kuettner
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2015 18:28
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2016 14:37
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/777

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