Deterioration and recovery of DAP IQ scores in the repeated assessment of the Naglieri Draw-A-Person (DAP) test in 6- to 12-year-old children

Lange-Küttner, Christiane and Küttner, Enno and Chromekova, Marta (2014) Deterioration and recovery of DAP IQ scores in the repeated assessment of the Naglieri Draw-A-Person (DAP) test in 6- to 12-year-old children. Psychological Assessment, 26 (1). pp. 297-306. ISSN 1040-3590

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0034581

Abstract

The study investigated whether mental age in children, as assessed by the IQ in the Draw-A-Person (DAP) test (Naglieri, 1988), can be improved by practice. In addition, it was tested whether children needed novel content to keep up their performance level during test repetition. The DAP test was given to 6-, 8-, 10-, and 12-year-old children (N = 80) 3 times. In addition, they drew a police figure 3 times, with task sequence counterbalanced. Repeated drawings resulted in significant omission of detail and deterioration of scores, but the novel task instruction temporarily recovered the IQ scores. This did not occur in the reverse sequence of the tasks, with the less specified DAP instruction given in the 2nd half of the drawing series. Furthermore, structural regressions in the human figure drawing could be observed in individual cases. However, 12-year-olds did not need the external introduction of novel content to maintain their IQ score. Correlations showed that this age group redefined their drawing plan on each repetition, and often created unique figures on each occasion, even if the instruction had stayed the same.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Naglieri DAP IQ scores, mental age, updating, deterioration, regression
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences > 370 Education
700 The arts; fine & decorative arts > 740 Drawing & decorative arts
Department: School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Chris Lange-Kuettner
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2016 10:16
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2016 14:31
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/1117

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