Bennett, Karen L. and Ingleton, Danna and Nah, Alice and Savage, James (2015) Critical perspectives on the security and protection of human rights defenders. The International Journal of Human Rights, 19 (7). pp. 883-895. ISSN 1364-2987 (Submitted)
Other (This is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in The International Journal of Human Rights 19 (7) 883-895 on 20/08/2015 available with free access online.)
13642987.2015.1075301 - Published Version
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Since the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders in 1998, there has been considerable effort to recognise and protect the right of individuals, groups and communities to promote and protect their own rights and the rights of others. Over time, a multi-level, multi-actor international protection regime for the rights of human rights defenders has emerged, derived from the international human rights regime. Actors in this goal-driven regime adopt a human security approach, emphasising the importance of having a holistic, multidimensional understanding of ‘security’. In this article, we note positive developments in state commitment to the protection of defenders, as well as the debates, tensions and contestation that continue to exist. We emphasise the need for critical appraisal of the construction, function and evolution of this protection regime as well as its multi-scalar social and political effects, both intended and unintended. We highlight three specific areas where critical scholarship is needed to understand the nature of this protection regime, discussing the contributions of authors in this special issue: the definition and use of the term ‘human rights defender’; the effectiveness of protection mechanisms; and the complex relationship between repression, activism and risk. In conclusion, we identify key areas for further research related to human rights defenders, stressing the need for the development of theory and practice related to their ‘risk’, ‘security’ and ‘protection’.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||human rights defenders, risk, security, protection, regime|
|Subjects:||300 Social sciences > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences > 340 Law
|Department:||School of Social Sciences|
|Depositing User:||Karen Bennett|
|Date Deposited:||26 Feb 2016 15:08|
|Last Modified:||26 Feb 2016 15:08|
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