Socio-demographic characteristics and clinical profile of suicide attempters attending the Emergency Department at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Oman: a retrospective study

Al Khatri, Mahmood, Al Huseini, Salim, Almaqbali, Mandhar, Cucchi, Angie, Al-Saadi, Alkhatib, Al Farsi, Abdulmunim, Jose, Sachin, Al-Sibani, Nasser and Al-Adawi, Samir (2023) Socio-demographic characteristics and clinical profile of suicide attempters attending the Emergency Department at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Oman: a retrospective study. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 29 (5). pp. 390-402. ISSN 1527-4160

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Abstract / Description

Objective:
This study examined socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals who attended the emergency department (Muscat, Oman) following a suicide attempt.

Methods:
A retrospective study (n= 154) was conducted between January 2015 and June 2018. Information accrued included socio-demographic variables (age, nationality, sex, marital status, and occupation), risk (medical co-morbidities, psychiatric history, substance misuse, alcohol consumption, and previous history of suicide attempts), and precipitating factors, as well as the chosen methods of the suicide attempt.

Result:
83.1% were Omanis and women constituted 69.5% of the sample with a mean age of 27 years. 40.9% of the sample had a history of psychiatric disorders. 30% were students, and 42% were unemployed. Family conflict, suffering from chronic illness, and having social problems were the most common precipitating factors for the suicide attempt. The most common method used in the suicide attempt was drug overdose (48.1%) and mainly paracetamol (40%). Significant gender differences emerged to precipitating factors, a history of substance misuse, and methods of suicide.

Conclusion:
The present data aligns with international trends that suggest that women and younger age groups are the most vulnerable to suicide attempts. Although in its infancy, the present research’s findings could lay the groundwork for preventative interventions and programs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Journal of Psychiatric Practice DOI: 10.1097/PRA.0000000000000726
Uncontrolled Keywords: suicide attempt; gender; mental health; cross-cultural; Oman
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences > 360 Social problems & services; associations
Department: School of Social Sciences and Professions
Depositing User: Angie Cucchi
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2023 12:35
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2023 15:02
URI: https://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/8171

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