Cognitive reserve and emotion recognition in the context of normal aging

Guerrini, Sofia, Hunter, Monika, Papagno, Costanza and MacPherson, Sarah E. (2022) Cognitive reserve and emotion recognition in the context of normal aging. Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1744-4128

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2022.2079603

Abstract / Description

The Cognitive Reserve (CR) hypothesis accounts for individual differences in vulnerability to age- or pathological-related brain changes. It suggests lifetime influences (e.g., education) increase the effectiveness of cognitive processing in later life. While evidence suggests CR proxies predict cognitive performance in older age, it is less clear whether CR proxies attenuate age-related decline on social cognitive tasks. This study investigated the effect of CR proxies on unimodal and cross-modal emotion identification. Sixty-six older adults aged 60-78 years were assessed on CR proxies (Cognitive Reserve Index Questionnaire, NART), unimodal(faces only, voices only), and cross-modal (faces and voices combined) emotion recognition and executive function (Stroop Test). No CR proxy predicted performance on emotion recognition. However, NART IQ predicted performance on the Stroop test; higher NART IQ was associated with better performance. The current study suggests CR proxies do not predict performance on social cognition tests but do predict performance on cognitive tasks.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition on 29th May 2022, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13825585.2022.2079603.
Uncontrolled Keywords: aging; executive function; cognitive reserve; social cognition; emotion recognition
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology
Department: School of Social Sciences and Professions
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 15:08
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2022 09:28
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/7716

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