How do middle class Pakistani young people construct contemporary international conflicts?

Kazmi, Naveed (2014) How do middle class Pakistani young people construct contemporary international conflicts? Doctoral thesis, London Metropolitan University.

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Abstract

This thesis examines how middle class Pakistani young people construct contemporary international conflicts. Little previous research has been conducted in this area, and none in Pakistan. This investigation is of interest because young people like the ones who participated in my research may become future leaders. Therefore, their perceptions and understanding of these issues may influence the way these are addressed in the future.

This thesis draws on literature about the just war tradition – what are the just causes of war or jus ad bellum and how ethical warfare must be conducted or jus in bello. The theoretical framework used is that of social constructionism, especially drawing on the ideas of Jonathan Potter, Margaret Wetherell, Kenneth Gergen and Michel Foucault.

The research involved six focus groups with Pakistani young people aged 17-18 years. The study found that the participants talked enthusiastically about issues related to international conflicts. They drew on a range of discourses and evidence to construct their arguments, some of which were grounded in not very reliable evidence. They argued that terrorism, whether perpetrated by state or non-state actors, was wrong, and they were highly critical of US policies and actions in the wider world.

These findings are important because Pakistani society faces a serious challenge from militancy and terrorism. The thesis suggests that changes to the content and delivery of school curricula can help young people to develop a more informed and morally active sense of citizenship and world affairs.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: social constructionism; education and state; international relations and culture; Pakistani youth; Pakistan
Subjects: 300 Social sciences
300 Social sciences > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences > 350 Public administration & military science
Department: School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mary Burslem
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2017 14:32
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2017 14:32
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/704

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