The Greek context in relation to homosexuality, homophobia and gay identity and community

Zervoulis, Karyofyllis (2016) The Greek context in relation to homosexuality, homophobia and gay identity and community. Psychology of Sexualities Review, 7 (1). pp. 15-28.


This paper describes and explores in some detail the status of sexual minorities in Greece and in broader Greek communities, with a focus on gay men and lesbians. It starts with a brief historical review before concentrating on the contemporary Greek society. While exposing the lack of substantial empirical evidence, including psychological, it discusses the basis and the extent of societal and institutional homophobia within the Greek context. The review continues with an exploration of contemporary Greek gay identity and community. The conflict between Greek cultural values and acceptance of sexual diversity in the country as well as the potential negative effects of this conflict on sexual minorities are highlighted. The review concludes by exposing the lack of any contribution by Greek psychologists and of their professional bodies in addressing issues faced by sexual minorities in the country. A strong recommendation is made for Greek psychologists to play their part in facilitating the process that leads to changing homophobic attitudes and legislation and, therefore, help affected communities and people.

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