Exploration of female academic staff experiences in a conservative and gendered society : a case study of selected universities in Pakistan

Fakhr, Zainab (2018) Exploration of female academic staff experiences in a conservative and gendered society : a case study of selected universities in Pakistan. Doctoral thesis, London Metropolitan University.

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Abstract / Description

The focus of my research is to explore the experiences of female academic staff in a number of higher education institutions in Pakistan. The research looked at female academic staff perceptions in light of their socio-cultural experiences and how societal as well as cultural norms impacted their institutional experiences. It also investigated female academic career progression and work-life conflict which impacts their lives. The research also explored how multiple identities are adopted by these academics in their attempt to adjust to institutional life. A feminist discourse was adopted to understand female academic staff position in Pakistani society. From a methodological perspective, data was generated by conducting face-to-face interviews of 16 female academic staff from the four provinces in Pakistan. Sample was identified by snowballing technique and data was analysed thematically from the transcribed interviews. My findings show that female academics experience significant work-life conflict and career stagnation. Respondents indicated that their treatment was often based on their gender which was historically located and supported by male cultural and societal dominance. There was societal role differentiation with men being the bread-winners whereby women had a domestic role. Domestic responsibilities included women having to look after the home and the extended family. Within the institutions female academics are employed, their treatment was based on institutional ‘maleness’ whereby women were often denied opportunities to develop their careers in par with their male colleagues. Respondents indicated that institutional understanding of equality issues was often limited to policy rhetoric with little sign of policies being implemented. Overall, the findings show that for female academics there are a myriad of issues at institutional and societal level that need to be addressed to improve their overall experiences.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Higher Education; Pakistan; Female academic staff; Work-life conflict; Cultural and societal issues; Feminism; Patriarchy; Personal and institutional experiences
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 330 Economics
300 Social sciences > 370 Education
Department: Guildhall School of Business and Law
Depositing User: Mary Burslem
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2018 10:37
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2018 10:37
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/3533

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