Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and parental factors in school children aged nine to ten years in urban regions of Oman

Al-Ghannami, Samia S., Al-Adawi, Samir, Ghebremeskel, Kebreab, Cramer, Mathias T., Hussein, Izzeldin S., Min, Yoeju, Jeyaseelan, Lakshmanan, Al-Sibani, Nasser, Al-Shammakhi, Saleh M., Al-Mamary, Fatma and Dorvlo, Atsu S. S. (2017) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and parental factors in school children aged nine to ten years in urban regions of Oman. Oman Medical Journal, 33 (3). pp. 193-199. ISSN 1999-768X (print); 2070-5204 (web)

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Abstract

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific parental risk factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD.

Methods: The study was conducted in Oman among fourth-grade students (aged nine to 10 years). A standardized Arabic version of the National Initiative for Children’s Health Quality Vanderbilt Assessment Scale (Teachers questionnaire) was used to determine the presence of ADHD. Specific parental factors such as socioeconomic status, education and occupation were documented.

Results: The prevalence rate of ADHD was 8.8%. Parental factors were significantly associated with increased risk of ADHD; including poor maternal education status, low familial socioeconomic status, and paternal occupation.

Conclusions: This was the first study that examined familial and parental characteristics of children with ADHD as potential risk factors for the condition. Such psychosocial factors could be employed to further the development of more proficient preventative measures and remedial services.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Docosahexaenoic acid, Child nutrition science, Child behaviour disorders
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Yoeju Min
Date Deposited: 24 May 2018 08:56
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2018 11:23
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/1433

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