Choice of gDNA isolation method has a significant impact on average murine Telomere Length estimates

Kidd, Elliot, Meimaridou, Eirini, Williams, Jack L., Metherell, LA, Walley, Andrew and Fairbrother, Una (2023) Choice of gDNA isolation method has a significant impact on average murine Telomere Length estimates. Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology. ISSN 1532-2297

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10826...

Abstract / Description

Telomere Length (TL) and integrity is significantly associated with age-related disease, multiple genetic and environmental factors. We observe mouse genomic DNA (gDNA) isolation methods to have a significant impact on average TL estimates. The canonical qPCR method does not measure TL directly but via the ratio of telomere repeats to a single copy gene (SCG) generating a T/S ratio. We use a monochromatic-multiplex-qPCR (mmqPCR) method which multiplexes the PCR and enables quantification of the target and the single copy gene within the same qPCR reaction. We demonstrate that TL measurements, from murine gDNA, isolated via Spin Columns (SC) and Magnetic Beads (MB), generate significantly smaller T/S ratios compared to gDNA isolated via traditional phenol/chloroform methods. The former methods may impede correct TL estimation by producing non representative fragment sets and reducing qPCR efficacy. This work highlights discrepancies in TL measurements due to different extraction techniques. We recommend the use of gDNA isolation methods that are shown to preserve DNA length and integrity, such as phenol/chloroform isolation. We propose that widely used high throughput DNA isolation methodologies can create spurious associations within a sample set, thus creating misleading data. We suggest that published TL associations should be revisited in the light of these data

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: DNA isolation; magnetic beads; mmqPCR; phenol/ chloroform; spin columns; telomere length
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Una Fairbrother
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2023 10:57
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2023 10:57
URI: https://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/9003

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