Novel antenna array configuration using miniature double box branch-line couplers for wideband circularly polarized applications

Virdee, Bal Singh, Aribi, Tohid and Sedghi, Tohid (2023) Novel antenna array configuration using miniature double box branch-line couplers for wideband circularly polarized applications. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation. pp. 1-10. ISSN 1751-8725

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Abstract / Description

This paper presents a wideband circularly polarized (CP) antenna array using a miniaturized double box branch-line coupler. This was achieved by creating a slow wave structure by introducing open-circuit stubs on the inside arms of the branch-line coupler. The 2×2 antenna array is made of four CP slot radiating elements excited through 1×4 feeding network. Moreover, sequentially rotation method is used to increase the axial-ratio (AR) bandwidth of the array. The CP slot radiating element is fed by coplanar waveguide (CPW). The feedline of the horn-shaped radiator includes a circular matching stub. Ground connected asymmetric T-shaped stub, a pair of grounded L-shaped square strips, and single strip line are shown to induce CP and enhance the antenna’s 3 dB impedance bandwidth and AR performance. The antenna constituting the array has impedance bandwidth of 2.45 GHz from 4.8-7.25 GHz that corresponds to a fractional bandwidth of 40%, and its 3 dB axial-ratio extends between 4.8-6.25 GHz. Compared to a conventional double-box branch-line coupler the size of the proposed coupler is reduced by 35% by increasing the capacitance of the coupler’s arms. This also is shown to increase the impedance bandwidth of the coupler. A 2×2 array was fabricated, and its performance verified. Measured results confirm the proposed antenna array exhibits CP covering the bands of WiMAX IEEE 802.16, C-band and ITU-R F386.9. The measured 3 dB AR bandwidth of the antenna array extend from 3 GHz to 7.3 GHz and its impedance bandwidth extends from 3.2 GHz to 9.0 GHz. The antenna array radiates with a peak gain of 11.5 dBic.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antenna; array; circular polarization; C-Band; ITUR-8GHz
Subjects: 600 Technology
600 Technology > 620 Engineering & allied operations
Department: School of Computing and Digital Media
Depositing User: Bal Virdee
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2023 15:11
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2023 14:43


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