Analysing the importance of drill artists’ offline environment in the creation of violent online identities

Alexander, James (2023) Analysing the importance of drill artists’ offline environment in the creation of violent online identities. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 35 (3). pp. 340-354. ISSN 2206-9542

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL:

Abstract / Description

Drill, a sub-genre of hip-hop that emerged out of Chicago but is now a mainstay of United Kingdom youth street culture, often includes violent lyrics designed to antagonise rivals. This article draws on a longitudinal study with several drill artists to expand the academic understanding of this culture. Within this study, young people’s violent online personas are a response to inhabiting a social space that developed due to a nexus of factors, including social deprivation, a lack of informal guardianship and the rules of the online attention economy. This digital dynamic sees artists competing for viewers’ limited attention by producing exaggerated violent depictions to show cultural competence and embodied street capital as they vie for attention in an antagonistic continuum with other groups. As young people experience social spaces, not governed by the rules of the street, they often realise that their violent online persona’s utility is limited, leading to a rebranding of their digital self. The study concludes that young people’s involvement in online violence is usually a temporary response to the offline social spaces they inhabit. Attempts to address such activities should focus on young people’s offline and online experiences.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bourdieu; desistance; drill music; online violence; youth violence
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 360 Social problems & services; associations
Department: School of Social Sciences and Professions
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2023 16:12
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2023 09:22

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item