Rapid quantification of SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibodies using time- resolved fluorescence immunoassay

McLean, Gary R., Zhang, Yueke, Ndoyi, Rene, Martin, Adam and Winer, Julian (2022) Rapid quantification of SARS-CoV-2 neutralising antibodies using time- resolved fluorescence immunoassay. Vaccines, 10(12) (2149). pp. 1-10. ISSN 2076-393X

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-393X/10/12/2149

Abstract / Description

The quantification of neutralising antibodies (NAb) for SARS-CoV-2 has become an important tool for monitoring protective immunity following infection or immunisation. In this study, we evaluated using World Health Organisation standard immunoglobulin preparations, a novel point-of-care test that quantitates NAb by time-resolved fluorescent immunoassay. The assay provided robust data of binding antibody units (BAU) in 15 minutes that was well correlated to NAb values obtained by traditional in vitro neutralisation assay. It also correlated well to spike receptor binding domain binding antibodies over a broad range of plasma dilutions. The assay was extremely sensitive, able to detect positive samples after dilution 1:10000 and over a wide range of BAU. Assay specificity was estimated at 96% using Pre-COVID serum samples, when applying a cut-off value of 47 BAU/ml although readings up to 100 BAU/ml could be considered borderline. This point-of-care diagnostic test is useful for rapid population screening, includes the use of capillary blood samples, and provides results for SARS-CoV-2 NAb in 15 minutes that can inform immediate decisions regarding protective immunity levels and the need for continued COVID immunisations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; neutralising antibodies; point-of-care diagnostic test
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Gary Mclean
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2022 09:57
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2023 14:11
URI: https://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/8089


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