Validation of a food frequency questionnaire using 7 day weighed food diaries in an elderly population with arthritis

Aghili, Afshan and Bhakta, Dee (2015) Validation of a food frequency questionnaire using 7 day weighed food diaries in an elderly population with arthritis. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 74 (OCE1). ISSN 0029-6651


Currently there are 10 million people with symptoms of age-related arthritis in the UK, and there is continuing research in relieving symptoms of this condition with diet. The Arthritic Association is a charity dedicated to supporting people with arthritis by helping them to manage their condition with diet and lifestyle advice. This involves the individual assessment and monitoring of dietary intake (using a 7 day food record) by a registered dietitian. The charity commissioned London Metropolitan University to develop and validate a new dietary assessment tool to assess absolute energy and macronutrient intake, which was less burdensome on an elderly population and could also be used in future research.

A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was developed using a food list of common foods consumed by the membership from previously completed 7 day food records. The FFQ was piloted and then finalised with a total of 17 food groups, with an additional section for supplements and foods not listed. The self-administered FFQ, used household portion sizes was completed over a seven day period. The FFQ was validated against the reference measure of the 7 day weighed diary (7WD). The Arthritic Association advertised the study and asked for volunteers through their quarterly newsletter. Altogether 65 participants agreed to participate, of whom 60 completed the food frequency and 50 (83% response rate) also completed the 7 day weighed diaries.

Nutrient intakes obtained from the FFQ were higher than those obtained from the 7WD (Table 1) although the level of under-reporting was similar (7WD 30%, FFQ 32%). Spearman correlations for macronutrients and most micronutrients were within the acceptable range r = 0·5–0·7 ( 2 ) for both crude and energy-adjusted values. The ranking for the macronutrients ranged from 73–88% within the same or adjacent quartile, with only 0–8% in the extreme quartile. Bland-Altman plots comparing the FFQ with the 7WD for energy, fat, protein, carbohydrate and fibre (NSP) were within acceptable limits of agreement (±1·96 SD). The newly developed FFQ was thus deemed a valid tool to assess dietary intake in this population.

validation_of_a_food_frequency_questionnaire_using_7_day_weighed_food_diaries_in_an_elderly_population_with_arthritis.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 4.0.

Download (185kB) | Preview


Downloads per month over past year

Downloads each year

View Item View Item