The publishing industry, the ideological framework and foreign aid in Tanzania

Nyerembe, Malima Paul (1995) The publishing industry, the ideological framework and foreign aid in Tanzania. Doctoral thesis, University of North London.


The process of development in Tanzania is examined by focusing on the development of the publishing industry. The development of the publishing industry is located within the policies of the Tanzanian state since 1967.

Two models of educational publishing: state monopoly and the liberalized and privatized model are contrasted. The study utilized the dependent development perspective within the context of the Arusha Declaration of 1967 and the introduction of structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) by the World Bank and the IMF: and the signing of the Tanzania-IMF agreement of 1986, and the events that followed.

Internal and external factors responsible for the development of the publishing industry in Tanzania are analysed. These factors interact I firstly because Tanzania's economy is determined by external forces; and secondly because one of the main thrusts of the SAP has been to shift resources from public to private ownership and to lower protection to encourage competition. The study argues that Tanzania's post-colonial development attempts and those after SAP have been linked with initiatives and active participation of institutions in foreign aid allocation as well as the development of policy formulation, despite the policy of socialism and self-reliance. The new policy on production and distribution of school/college books legitimizes the SIDA proposal. Also argues that small publishers form an essential and potential dynamic force of the publishing industry. The relative low investment capital and operational manageability provide incentives for the development of Tanzania's publishing industry. A mixture of state and a privatized model is proposed. Priority should be given to the strengthening of existing publishing houses and the revitalization of the Tanzania Elimu Supplies (TES), probably in conjunction with local capital.

Concludes that Tanzania's economic crisis should not be used as justification for simply transferring publishing to donor agencies such as SIDA. The principles of the World Bank and SIOA are the same: it is their time-scale for change and area of emphasis which differ. The study questions the interest that SIDA might have in providing such large scale aid wi th little direct return, and argues that SIOA's direct influence over the education system is part of the political struggle over who controls the education system and the whole education process in Tanzania.

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