Constant domain-regulated antibody catalysis

Sapparapu, Gopal and Planque, Stephanie and Mitsuda, Yukie and McLean, Gary R. and Nishiyama, Yasuhiro and Paul, Sudhir (2012) Constant domain-regulated antibody catalysis. The Journal of biological chemistry, 287 (43). pp. 36096-104. ISSN 1083-351X

[img] Text
index.html - Published Version

Download (146kB)

Abstract

Some antibodies contain variable (V) domain catalytic sites. We report the superior amide and peptide bond-hydrolyzing activity of the same heavy and light chain V domains expressed in the IgM constant domain scaffold compared with the IgG scaffold. The superior catalytic activity of recombinant IgM was evident using two substrates, a small model peptide that is hydrolyzed without involvement of high affinity epitope binding, and HIV gp120, which is recognized specifically by noncovalent means prior to the hydrolytic reaction. The catalytic activity was inhibited by an electrophilic phosphonate diester, consistent with a nucleophilic catalytic mechanism. All 13 monoclonal IgMs tested displayed robust hydrolytic activities varying over a 91-fold range, consistent with expression of the catalytic functions at distinct levels by different V domains. The catalytic activity of polyclonal IgM was superior to polyclonal IgG from the same sera, indicating that on average IgMs express the catalytic function at levels greater than IgGs. The findings indicate a favorable effect of the remote IgM constant domain scaffold on the integrity of the V-domain catalytic site and provide a structural basis for conceiving antibody catalysis as a first line immune function expressed at high levels prior to development of mature IgG class antibodies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antibodies, antibody engineering, enzyme catalysis, lymphocyte, scaffold proteins, catalytic antibodies, constant domains, first-line defense, HIV gp120, variable domains
Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Gary Mclean
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2015 08:09
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2015 08:09
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/655

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item