Melanocortin receptor-4 mediates the anorectic effect induced by the nucleus tractus solitarius injection of Glucagon-like Peptide-2 in fasted rats

Sun, Huiling, Meng, Kai, Hou, Lin, Shang, Lijun and Yan, Jianqun (2021) Melanocortin receptor-4 mediates the anorectic effect induced by the nucleus tractus solitarius injection of Glucagon-like Peptide-2 in fasted rats. European Journal of Pharmacology. ISSN 0014-2999 (In Press)

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Abstract / Description

Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is secreted from enteroendocrine L-type cells of the gut and also released from preproglucagonergic (PPG) neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) and adjacent medial reticular nucleus of the brain stem. The neurons in the NTS express GLP-2, and the neurons send extensive projections to the hypothalamus. Recent studies show that the intracerebroventricular administration of GLP-2 significantly suppresses food intake in animals and some evidence suggest that the melanocortin receptor-4 (MC4-R) signaling in the hypothalamus is required for intracerebroventricular GLP-2-mediated inhibition of feeding. There is proopiomelanocortin (POMC) positive neurons expressing MC4-R in the NTS. Suppression of MC4-R expressing neurons in the brain stem inhibits gastric emptying. In this study, we tested the effects of NTS GLP-2R activation and blockade on feeding behavior and evaluated the endogenous melanocortin system's role in the NTS in mediating effects of GLP-2 on feeding behavior in fed and fasted rats. Our results demonstrated that microinjection of GLP-2 into the NTS suppressed food intake in fasted-refeeding rats but did not affect food intake in free-feeding rats, and this inhibition was blocked by pretreatment of either Exendin (9–39) or SHU 9119, suggesting the GLP-2 system in the NTS exerts an inhibitory action on food intake. MC4-R mediates this action in the NTS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: food intake; nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS); neurotransmitter; Exendin (9-39); SHU 9119
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Lijun Shang
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2021 17:02
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2021 17:23
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/6446

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