Association of Zinc deficiency, oxidative stress and increased double-stranded DNA breaks in globozoospermic infertile patients and its implication for the assisted reproductive technique

Huang, Lin, Yao, Guanping, Huang, Gelin, Jiang, Chuan, Li, Li, Liao, Lu, Yuan, Guiping, Shang, Lijun and Xu, Wenming (2021) Association of Zinc deficiency, oxidative stress and increased double-stranded DNA breaks in globozoospermic infertile patients and its implication for the assisted reproductive technique. Translational Andrology and Urology. ISSN 2223-4683 (In Press)

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Abstract / Description

Background:
Sperm DNA fragmentation and its adverse impact on outcomes of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) in globozoospermic infertile patients has been previously reported. However, the association of Zinc element with DNA damage and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome in globozoospermic infertile patients remain unclear.

Methods:
Using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer and Superoxide Dismutase Assay, the levels of Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn and SOD activities in seminal plasma from both globozoospermic infertile patients and fertile volunteers were tested respectively. Using Sperm chromatin dispersion (SCD) test and Comet assay, the DNA damages in their semen samples from the two groups was detected. In addition, using Aniline Blue staining, their sperm nucleus maturations were also examined.

Results:
The levels of seminal Zinc and SOD activities were lower in the globozoospermic infertile patients and the double-stranded break DFI (DSB-DFI) were significantly higher than that in the fertile controls. Antioxidative insufficiency of SOD with a low Zn level might be responsible for oxidative stress, which may lead to DNA damage in globozoospermic spermatozoa. Zn deficiency might also have influence on the chromatin stabilization of globozoospermic spermatozoa during spermiogenesis, causing its more vulnerable to oxidative attack.

Conclusions:
Serious DSBs in globozoospermia and antioxidative insufficiency due to Zinc element deficiency in spermatozoa might be responsible for the failure of ICSI in globozoospermia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Globozoospermia; Zinc; oxidative stress; sperm DNA damage; ICSI
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Lijun Shang
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 09:52
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 09:55
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/6330

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