Identification of similar epitopes between SARS-CoV-2 and Bacillus Calmette-Guérin: potential for cross-reactive adaptive immunity

Urbán, Szabolcs, Paragi, Gábor, Burián, Katalin, McLean, Gary R. and Virok, Dezső P. (2020) Identification of similar epitopes between SARS-CoV-2 and Bacillus Calmette-Guérin: potential for cross-reactive adaptive immunity. Clinical & Translational Immunology, 9 (12). pp. 1-8. ISSN 2050-0068

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/cti2.1227

Abstract / Description

Objectives:
Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination has been implicated in protection against SARS-CoV-2 and as a non-specific immunization method against the virus. We therefore decided to investigate T cell and B cell epitopes within the BCG Pasteur strain proteome for similarity to immunogenic peptides of SARS-CoV-2.

Methods:
We used a bioinformatic approach and analyzed the BCG-Pasteur proteome to identify similar peptides to established and novel SARS-CoV-2 T cell and B cell epitopes.

Results:
We found 112 BCG MHC-I restricted T cell epitopes similar to MHC-I restricted T cell SARS-CoV-2 epitopes and 690 BCG B cell epitopes similar to SARS-CoV-2 B cell epitopes. The SARS-CoV-2 T cell epitopes represented 16 SARS-CoV-2 proteins, the SARS-CoV-2 B cell epitopes represented 5 SARS-CoV-2 proteins, including the receptor binding domain of the spike glycoprotein.

Conclusion:
Altogether our results provide a mechanistic basis for the potential cross-reactive adaptive immunity that may exists between the two microorganisms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2019-nCoV; Bacillus Calmette-Guérin; BCG; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Gary Mclean
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2020 10:02
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2021 10:46
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/6221

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