Reducing conflict and containment rates on acute psychiatric wards: the Safewards cluster randomised controlled trial

Bowers, Len, James, Karen, Quirk, Alan, Simpson, Alan, Stewart, Duncan and Hodsoll, John (2015) Reducing conflict and containment rates on acute psychiatric wards: the Safewards cluster randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 52 (9). pp. 1412-1422. ISSN 0020-7489

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2015.05.001

Abstract / Description

Background
Acute psychiatric wards manage patients whose actions may threaten safety (conflict). Staff act to avert or minimise harm (containment). The Safewards model enabled the identification of ten interventions to reduce the frequency of both.

Objective
To test the efficacy of these interventions.

Design
A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial with psychiatric hospitals and wards as the units of randomisation. The main outcomes were rates of conflict and containment.

Participants
Staff and patients in 31 randomly chosen wards at 15 randomly chosen hospitals.

Results
For shifts with conflict or containment incidents, the experimental condition reduced the rate of conflict events by 15% (95% CI 5.6–23.7%) relative to the control intervention. The rate of containment events for the experimental intervention was reduced by 26.4% (95% CI 9.9–34.3%).

Conclusions
Simple interventions aiming to improve staff relationships with patients can reduce the frequency of conflict and containment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: absconding; inpatient; psychiatry; rapid tranquillisation; restraint; seclusion; self harm; special observation; violence
Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Department: School of Social Professions
Depositing User: Duncan Stewart
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2020 08:56
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2020 08:56
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/5984

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