Screening for overweight using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) among children younger than two years in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

McLaren, Shawn, Steenkamp, Liana, McCarthy, H. David and Rutishauser-Perera, Alexandra (2020) Screening for overweight using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) among children younger than two years in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition. pp. 1-4. ISSN 1607-0658

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/16070...

Abstract / Description

Background:
The relationship between overweight and under-nutrition, particularly in resource-poor settings, poses practical challenges for targeting nutrition interventions. Current anthropometric indicators including weight for length (WLZ) recommended by the WHO may be challenging in community settings.

Objectives:
The aim of this study was to assess whether MUAC can accurately identify children aged younger than two years with overweight and obesity.

Method:
A descriptive, cross-sectional study was used to collect data from a non-probability sample of 397 young South African children from October 2015 to February 2016. MUAC cut-off values were tested using a receiver operating characteristic and area under the curve (AUC).

Results:
The prevalence of overweight (WLZ > +2) and obesity (WLZ > +3) was 11% (n = 44) and 5% (21) respectively. A MUAC cut-off value for identifying male children 6 to 24 months old with overweight was determined at 16.5 cm (85% sensitivity, 71.4% specificity, AUC = 0.821) and female children at 16.5 cm (100% sensitivity, 76.6% specificity, AUC = 0.938).

Conclusions:
MUAC may be an appropriate tool for identifying children younger than two years old with overweight and obesity. The predicted MUAC cut-off values were able to identify infants and young children with overweight accurately.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router
Uncontrolled Keywords: double burden of disease; first 1000 days; mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC); obesity
Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Department: School of Human Sciences
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2020 15:29
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2020 09:40
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/5858

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