Farmer-pastoralist conflict in West Africa : exploring the causes and consequences

Shettima, Abba Gana and Tar, Usman A. (2008) Farmer-pastoralist conflict in West Africa : exploring the causes and consequences. Information, society and justice journal, 1 (2). pp. 163-184. ISSN 1756-1078


The West-African sub-region has earned a reputation as a home of bloody civil wars. Paradoxically, the prevalence of high-intensity conflicts (HIC) or complex politica emergencies (intra-state wars, inter-state wars and insurgencies), which engulfed the region in the 1990s, has obscured an equally important form of conflict: low-intensity conflicts (LIC). So far, a significant proportion of intellectual and policy energy has been channeled on the former, as buttressed by the intellectual paradigm of "resource war" theory, and a social and political praxis in the form of humanitarian intervention in Sierra Leone and Liberia. In this article, we seek to fill the gap in the literature and policy discourses by drawing attention to farmer-pastoralist conflict as an example of low-intensity conflict.

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