Biological and environmental determinants of 12-minute run performance in youth

Freitas, Duarte L., Maia, José A., Stasinopoulos, Mikis D., Gouveia, Élvio Rúbio, Antunes, António M., Thomis, Martine A., Lefevre, Johan A., Claessens, Albrecht, Hedeker, Donald and Malina, Robert M. (2017) Biological and environmental determinants of 12-minute run performance in youth. Annals of Human Biology, 44 (7). pp. 607-613. ISSN 1464-5033

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Abstract / Description

Background:
The 12-minute run is a commonly used indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness in youth. Variation in growth and maturity status as potential correlates of test performance has not been systematically addressed.

Aim:
To evaluate biological and environmental determinants of 12-minute run performance in Portuguese youth aged 7–17 years.

Subjects and methods:
Mixed-longitudinal samples of 187 boys and 142 girls were surveyed in 1996, 1997 and 1998. The 12-minute run was the indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness. Height, body mass and five skinfolds were measured and skeletal maturity was assessed. Physical activity, socioeconomic status and area of residence were obtained with a questionnaire. Multi-level modelling was used for the analysis.

Results:
Chronological age and sum of five skinfolds were significant predictors of 12-minute run performance. Older boys and girls ran longer distances than younger peers, while high levels of subcutaneous fat were associated with shorter running distances. Rural boys were more proficient in the 12-minute run than urban peers. Skeletal maturity, height, body mass index, physical activity and socioeconomic status were not significant predictors of 12-minute run performances.

Conclusions:
Age and sum of skinfolds in both sexes and rural residence in boys are significant predictors of 12-minute run performance in Portuguese youth.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router.
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiorespiratory fitness, skeletal maturity, fatness, physical activity, socioeconomic status
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
Department: School of Computing and Digital Media
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2019 10:39
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 10:39
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/5194

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