A Preliminary Investigation of Additive Manufacture to Fabricate Human Nail Plate Surrogates for Pharmaceutical Testing

Sil dos Santos, Bruno, Patel, Avnish, Crowther, Jonathan M., Moore, David J., Hadgraft, Jonathan, Hilton, Stephen T. and Lane, Majella E. (2019) A Preliminary Investigation of Additive Manufacture to Fabricate Human Nail Plate Surrogates for Pharmaceutical Testing. Pharmaceutics, 11 (250). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1999-4923

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4923/11/6/250

Abstract / Description

In vitro permeation studies using nail clippings or nail plates are commonly used in the development of transungual formulations. However, there are ethical, safety and cost issues associated with sourcing such tissues. Herein, we describe a preliminary approach is described for the design and manufacture of a human nail model surrogate based on 3D printing. To evaluate these 3D printed constructs, nails were mounted in conventional glass Franz cells and a commercial antifungal lacquer formulation containing ciclopirox olamine was applied daily to the surrogate printed surfaces for a period of 14 days. On days 8 and 14, the surfaces of the 3D printed nails were washed with ethanol to remove excess formulation. Confocal Raman spectroscopy (CRS) was used to profile the drug in the 3D printed nail. At the end of the Franz cell studies, no drug was observed in the receptor phase. CRS studies confirmed penetration of the active into the model nails with reproducible depth profiles. Our ongoing work is focused on synthesising commercial and non-commercial printable resins that can replicate the physical and chemical characteristics of the human nail. This will allow further evaluation of actives for ungual therapy and advance the development of the surrogate nail tissue model.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pharmaceutical analyses; transungual drug delivery; 3D printing; ciclopirox olamine; confocal Raman spectroscopy; drug testing surrogates
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Bruno Da Silva sil dos santos
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 08:46
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2019 12:45
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/4912

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