Epitope mapping of antibodies induced with a conserved rhinovirus protein generating protective anti-rhinovirus immunity

Narean, Janakan Sam, Glanville, Nicholas, Nunn, Christine M., Niespodziana, Katarzyna, Valenta, Rudolf, Johnston, Sebastian L. and McLean, Gary R. (2019) Epitope mapping of antibodies induced with a conserved rhinovirus protein generating protective anti-rhinovirus immunity. Vaccine. ISSN 1873-2518

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Abstract / Description

Human rhinovirus (RV) infections are the principle cause of common colds and precipitate asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. Currently there is no vaccine for RV which is largely due to the existence of ~160 serotypes/strains. We demonstrated previously that immunising mice with highly conserved VP4 and VP2 regions of the RV polyprotein (RV-A16 VP0) generated cross-reactive immunity to RV in vivo. The current study investigated and mapped the epitopes of RV-A16 VP0 that are targets for antibodies in serum samples from VP0 immunisation and RV challenge studies in mice. Recombinant capsid proteins, peptide pools and individual peptides spanning the immunogen sequence (RV-A16 VP0) were assessed for IgG binding sites to identify epitopes. We found that peptide pools covering the C-terminus of VP4, the N-terminus of VP2 and the neutralising NIm-II site within VP2 were bound by serum IgG from immunised mice. The NIm-II site peptide pool blocked IgG binding to the immunogen RV-A16 VP0 and individual peptides within the pool binding IgG were further mapped. Thus, we have identified immunodominant epitopes of RV vaccine candidate RV-A16 VP0, noting that strong IgG binding antibodies were observed that target a key neutralising epitope that is highly variable amongst RV serotypes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rhinovirus; Subunit vaccine; Antibodies; Epitope; Neutralisation
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Gary Mclean
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2019 08:51
Last Modified: 10 May 2019 14:43
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/4769

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