mGlu5 receptors and cellular prion protein mediate amyloid-β-facilitated synaptic long-term depression in vivo

Hu, Neng-Wei, Nicoll, Andrew J., Zhang, Dainan, Mably, Alexandra J., O’Malley, Tiernan, Purro, Silvia A., Terry, Cassandra, Collinge, John, Walsh, Dominic M. and Rowan, Michael J. (2014) mGlu5 receptors and cellular prion protein mediate amyloid-β-facilitated synaptic long-term depression in vivo. Nature Communications, 5 (1). ISSN 2041-1723

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4374

Abstract / Description

NMDA-type glutamate receptors (NMDARs) are currently regarded as paramount in the potent and selective disruption of synaptic plasticity by Alzheimer's disease amyloid β-protein (Aβ). Non-NMDAR mechanisms remain relatively unexplored. Here we describe how Aβ facilitates NMDAR-independent long-term depression of synaptic transmission in the hippocampus in vivo. Synthetic Aβ and Aβ in soluble extracts of Alzheimer's disease brain usurp endogenous acetylcholine muscarinic receptor-dependent long-term depression, to enable long-term depression that required metabotropic glutamate-5 receptors (mGlu5Rs). We also find that mGlu5Rs are essential for Aβ-mediated inhibition of NMDAR-dependent long-term potentiation in vivo. Blocking Aβ binding to cellular prion protein with antibodies prevents the facilitation of long-term depression. Our findings uncover an overarching role for Aβ-PrP(C)-mGlu5R interplay in mediating both LTD facilitation and LTP inhibition, encompassing NMDAR-mediated processes that were previously considered primary.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mGlu5 receptors; cellular prion protein
Subjects: 500 Natural Sciences and Mathematics > 570 Life sciences; biology
Department: School of Human Sciences
Depositing User: Cassandra Terry
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 11:36
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2018 11:36
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/3845

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