Wideband Planar Array Antenna Based on SCRLH-TL for Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar Application

Alibakhshikenari, Mohammad, Virdee, Bal Singh and Limiti, Ernesto (2018) Wideband Planar Array Antenna Based on SCRLH-TL for Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar Application. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, 32 (12). pp. 1586-1599. ISSN 1569-3937


This paper presents empirical results of a novel planar microstrip array antenna based on a simplified composite right/left-handed transmission-line (SCRLH-TL) for application in circularly polarized synthetic aperture radar (CP-SAR) systems operated in UHF, L, S and C-Bands. The array antenna consists of 6×6 matrix of spiral shaped radiating elements that are excited through proximity-coupled, single feed-line. Pattern synthesis technique is used to determine the excitation coefficients (amplitude and phase) to apply to the individual array elements to achieve the required pattern shape. The array antenna has dimensions of 111.5×96.06 mm2. The measured impedance bandwidth of the antenna is 3.85 GHz for S11 < -10 dB from 300 MHz to 4.15 GHz, corresponding to a fractional bandwidth of 173%. Maximum gain and radiation efficiency measured are 4.8 dBi and 79.5%, respectively, at 2.40 GHz. The antenna has a 3-dB axial-ratio bandwidth of 3.94 GHz from 144 MHz to 4.66 GHz. The antenna’s beamwidth in azimuth and elevation planes vary between 60° and 120° across its operational frequency range from 300 MHz to 4.15 GHz. The antenna design fulfills the challenging electrical and physical specifications required for CP-SAR employed onboard unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).

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