From mixed embeddedness to transnational mixed embeddedness

Bagwell, Sue (2018) From mixed embeddedness to transnational mixed embeddedness. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 24 (1). pp. 104-120. ISSN 1355-2554

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Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relevance of the mixed embeddedness thesis (Kloosterman, 2010; Rath and Kloosterman, 2002) to businesses with a more transnational mode of operation.

Design/methodology/approach
Interviews with the owner managers of a sample 24 Vietnamese businesses in London were undertaken to develop an understanding of how micro (individual resources: social, financial and cultural/human capital, and history of migration), meso (local, regional and national markets) and macro (politico-institutional) factors in the UK and overseas influenced business development.

Findings
The findings illustrate how business development is influenced not just by the interaction of the local (UK) opportunity structure and the entrepreneur’s resources, as suggested by the mixed embeddedness thesis, but also by institutional regimes, economies and markets in key countries of the diaspora, and the interaction of these. The extent to which new transnational opportunities can be exploited, however, depends on access to the necessary local and transnational forms of capital.

Practical implications
The empirical evidence presented is used to present a re-working of the mixed embeddedness thesis to provide a framework for understanding the drivers of transnational entrepreneurship.

Originality/value
The paper presents new empirical knowledge of transnational activity amongst the UK Vietnamese business community – a little known refugee community. Conceptually, the paper offers a theoretical development of the mixed embeddedness thesis to enable it to provide an explanation of transnational entrepreneurship amongst new migrant communities.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mixed embeddedness, Forms of capital, Opportunity structure, Transnational enterprise, Vietnamese enterprise
Subjects: 600 Technology > 650 Management & auxiliary services
Department: Guildhall School of Business and Law
SWORD Depositor: Pub Router
Depositing User: Pub Router
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2018 14:50
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 08:14
URI: http://repository.londonmet.ac.uk/id/eprint/1357

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